Bermuda is the smallest country in North America, located at 32° north latitude and 64° west longitude. The islands have an area of only 53.2 square kilometers The islands are located at approximately 1038 km from the coast of North America and the nearest continental land is within the territory of the state of North Carolina. Although the extremely compact territory, Bermuda Islands include 138 islands.
The largest island of Bermuda extends more than 21 km. The island has the shape of the back facing point J. Into the deeply incised into the drought gulf, has excellent conditions for mooring of small and large cargo and cruise ships. The specific shape of the island is a good precondition against the vagaries of the weather and the large ocean waves. Gibbs Peak is the highest point on the islands. It rises about 70 meters above the sea level.
The nature of Bermuda is unique to these latitudes. Here you will find the most northern coral reef on the planet. The reason because of which here you can find coral reefs is the warm Atlantic Gulfstreem. It brings warm waters from the warmest sea of the planet to the northeast parts of the Atlantic. The warm current passes around the Bermuda and make the water enough warm for the developing of coral reefs all year around. This create perfect conditions about the capricious and pretty demanding corals. The reefs create a barrier to the large ocean waves and so, as it is in many other tropical islands, around the coast the waters are constantly calm and transparent. Bermuda have magnificent white sandy beaches that attract millions of tourists, mostly from North America. The volcanic origin of Bermuda is the reason about the soil fertility. In combination with suitable climatic conditions, here grows a huge variety of tropical and subtropical plant species. Coconut Palm is one of the frequent tropical species here.
Climate. Bermuda should have a subtropical climate, as it is located on the north of the 30th parallel, but move over warm ocean currents in the Atlantic make the local climate to be tropical, albeit with a little more pronounced seasonal differences than it is usual on the tropics. The winter lasts four months – December, January, February and March. 20°C is the temperature during the day and the night is around 15°C. From April to November the daily temperatures run in the range 23 – 30°C. As the sea water here is not affected by the geography, but from the Gulfstreem, the temperature of the ocean water is almost unchangeable during the year. Precipitation of Bermuda are extremely abundant throughout the year. The rain is generally evenly distributed and vary between 100 and 150 mm per month. It is difficult to make an weather forecast here, because the rainfall is usually sudden, rapid and unpredictable. Driest month in the year is April – 100 mm, and the rainiest is October – about 150 mm. The high humidity in the summer months is the reason to feel the weather much warmer as it is.
Bermuda’s economy relies heavily on the highly developed tourist industry. The islands are visited mainly by tourists from the United States. The construction of yachts and finances are other important sectors of the local economy. The official currency here is the Bermuda dollar. Bermuda is a British Overseas possession and as such the local standard of living is very high. This is evidently in every element of the every day life – ranging from the excellent infrastructure, large and well kept houses, expensive boats and yachts around the coast, expensive cars moving on the streets. People seem some careless and why not? How many places in the world offers a combination of beautiful scenery, high quality of life and warm climate?
Population and settlements. Although Bermuda has a number of towns, the tourists actually stay with the feeling that everything is into the borders of one city. The settlements are small and blend into one another. Some of the larger are Hamilton (the capital), Somerset Village, Village Flets and others. Despite of the fact that in 1522nd the islands were discovered by the Spaniard Juan Bermudes, today here there are really small number of people from Spanish origin. However, about 70% of the population is of African origin.
When to visit Bermuda? Bermuda have a very pleasant climate – hot in the summer and warm in the winter, so the islands are suitable for tourism throughout the year. If you want to visit the islands because of the great beaches you have to know that it is possible from December to March-April to be cool. Although during this time of year people continue to wear summer clothes, the beach can not be suitable for everyone as the temperature of the air is about 20°C and for some people this is too cool for sunbathing. Here, unlike the Caribbean region there is no rainy season.
Bermuda is often associated with the mysterious Bermuda triangle, on the territory of which in our times many ships and aircrafts went missing. There are many different hypotheses about what happened, but the true is that there is no exact answer. In general, the waters between Florida and Bermuda Islands often come in the way of powerful tropical storms. The triangle extends around and south of the islands and falls within one of the most in dangered areas of storms on the planet.