Subequatorial climate zone
Subequatorial climate zone is situated to the north and to the south of the equatorial climate zone. It can be found in the southern most parts of North America, some of the Caribbean islands, North parts of South America, the Brazilian plateau, wide territories of Africa (to the north and to the south of African rain forest), in considerable part of South and South-East Asia, North Australia and many of the Pacific islands.
The subequatorial climate is more widely distributed than the equatorial climate.
Distinguishing features are constantly high temperatures all year round, but the differences between the day and night temperatures, as the differences between the average season temperatures are more tangible in comparison with equatorial climate.
There is seasonality of the precipitations. Usually the main part of the precipitations, fall in the summer.
The winters are hot, dry and sunny. There are two seasons – dry and rainy. In the dry season we can see higher daily and lower nightly temperatures in comparison with the equatorial climate.
Usually the vegetation is of type “savanna” with wide, grassy spaces and some trees. This kind of landscape can be seen in many places of the world, but most in the African savanna.
The vegetation in the subequatorial climate is not so lush and diversity in comparison with the rain forest, but to compensate the diversity of animals is impressive.
For example the African savanna is home to lions, leopards, hyenas, giraffes, zebras, rhinos (rhinoceroses), hippopotamuses, monkeys and so on.
Because the incredible palette of the most various animals, namely in this climate zone can be found many reserves as “Serengeti”, “Masai Mara” and so on.
The conditions are more bearable for the people in comparison with the equatorial climate zone.
In the North Australia this area is rarely populated, but in South and Central America is dense inhabited.
In the subequatorial areas that occupies the lands near by the ocean, the vegetation is lush and the precipitations are constantly arranged in the year.
In this case the dry season is not so dry. For example Costa Rica that is situated in the subequatorial climate zone of North America has humid climate and heavy rains all year round, because of it’s closeness to the Pacific and the Atlantic.
The country has lush, green forest which is home to many exotic plant and animal species. The reason for these heavy precipitations is that the streams passing near by the coast are warm.