Tunisia

Tunisia has the most beautiful beaches in the African Mediterranean coast. If you choose this country for your next holidays you, with certainly, will visit one place that can offer you a lot to see. Tunisia has an area of 163,612 sq.km. and as a territory it is more similar of the smaller European countries than of the large countries with vast territory, which dominate the northern part of the African continent.

camel sahara desert tunisiaThe population of Tunisia is approximately 10.5 million people, making it relatively dense populated in comparison with its neighbours.

The most populated are the northeast parts of the country. There are also the most important tourist centers to which you will most likely target. Capital Tunis, Bizerte, and world famous resorts such as Monastir, Hammamet and of course the pearl of Tunisia – Djerba.

How to get to there? If you have decided to organize alone your own trip to Tunisia, here is some helpful information for you:

This Mediterranean country is situated two steps away from Europe and therefore the journey to here is not expensive and does not last too long. Please note that Tunisia is just about 140 km from the coast of the Italian island of Sicily.

There are international airports in the capital Tunis (Tunis Carthage International Airport), and the largest resort Monastir (Habib Bourguiba International Airport).

About a half hour drive northwest of Monastir there is another international airport – Enfidha – Zine El Abidine Ben Ali International Airport.

There are also international airports in the cities of Djerba (here is Djerba Zarzis Airport), in Sfax (Sfax – Thyna Airport) and Gafsa (Gafsa-Kasar International Airport). Except by plane, you can travel to Tunisia by ferry from Italy.

carthage port puniquesFerryboats to Tunisia set out from Genoa, Civitavecchia (not far from Rome) and from Salerno (near Naples). There are also ferry connections from Livorno, Palermo and Trapani (the last two cities are on the island of Sicily).

Besides Italy, Malta and France also have a regular ferry service. The French connection is between the capital city of Tunis and Marseille.

Ferryboat connections are generally with the Tunisian capital, but there are exceptions. For example, the ferry, which departs from Trapani (Sicily), travel to the Tunisian city of Sausa.

Therefore, you can reach to Tunisia by car. Generally, Tunisia is one of the most easily accessible African countries because of the huge interest of millions of Europeans to this beautiful country.

Last few years Tunisia is one of top 10 most attractive tourist destinations on the European tourist markets.

carthage tunisia ruinesTunisia is truly a magnificent country, a combination of romantic landscapes, fascinating history, rich culture, opportunities for adventure and a truly wonderful climate.

Let’s start from the weather, because it is probably one of the main factors for a great holidays.

Tunisia is situated on the border between subtropical and tropical climate zones. Mediterranean part of Tunisia has a long and hot summer and the winter is short, mild and rainy.

From April to November the weather is warm, even hot. Maximum temperatures in July and August are about 32 – 33°C. Of course, temperatures above 40°C are common, although not daily. Winter is very mild and the coldest month is January.

el djem roman ruinsThen the thermometers show an average 15°C. In sunny and clear days, however, even in January the temperatures could easily reach 20 – 25°C.

However, remember that this time of the year is winter. If you travel during this period you have to wear warmer clothes.

Tunisia is a very good place for beach and sea tourism in spring and autumn. April, May, October and November are the months in which you could spend great your beach holidays in Tunisia.

In this part of the year weather is not too hot, but temperatures anyway are over 20°C. In fact, local climate, quite reminiscent of that in Cyprus. Tunisia is one of the so-called by the Europeans autumn destinations.

Even if you travel at the height of summer would be very sensibly if you take a coat just in case, because here you can feel the influence of the Sahara Desert and you maybe known that the desert nights are pretty cool.

el djem historical monumentTunisia has wonderful resorts. Hammamet, Monastir and Djerba do not need advertising. In Djerba you can feel the contact between the desert and the Mediterranean Sea, making the local atmosphere very exotic.

The sand of the beautiful beach is beige, and vegetation is scarce. You will see large date palms, yellow and dry beige and yellow lands.

In such romantic atmosphere you with certainly have to do an walk with a camel along the coast of the Mediterranean of Djerba.

In this unbearable heat probably you will not be surprised that the hotel pool is the most attractive place and the majority of the people looking to spend most of their time around it.

Djerba is located about an hour drive from the border with Libya and it is the hottest and sunniest resort in Tunisia. Monastir is a popular and much more crowded with tourists.

However, there is much more greenness and the lawns and parks are regularly watered to maintain their freshness.

sahara desert oasisTunisia has a wonderful nature, which will be very interesting for you. North of the country is occupied by the last slopes of the Atlas mountains, which gradually descend to the Mediterranean.

Southern part of the country has much lower altitude. Some areas are occupied by depressions, which are located below the sea level.

These depressions are located mainly in central parts of Tunisia and are occupied by salt lakes. Here is the largest salt lake in the whole North Africa – Schott El Djerid.

In the southern parts of Tunisia will be able to enjoy the beauty of the Sahara desert.

Landscapes are even more romantic than what you’ve seen on TV and in glossy pages of travel magazines.

The reason is that this in place you will feel a sense of immensity, liberty and infinity, which even the best picture can not fully recreate.

Sand dunes initially are diversified here and there by some oasis surrounded by date palms, but gradually the landscape becomes wilder and only the sand remains.

It could be very interesting for you if you try to organize a trip with camels in the desert. That would be really great adventure.

Relatively small area of Tunisia allows to you to explore the entire country for a relatively short time, but for this you need to rent a car.

Well, of course, it could be very difficult, even impossible to see everything that worth it, but you will be able to visit the main attractions if you have at least two weeks. Here are some places that you should not miss:

mediterranean coast of tunisia– In the area of Cape Ras al Abiad is located the Ichkeul Lake. It was declared for a national park as it is of utmost importance for migratory birds coming from Europe in winter.

In the area of the lake there are hundreds of wintering species. Besides the lake, national park includes the surrounding wetlands.

This area is under UNESCO protection since has been declared for a biosphere reserve. The local landscape is change strongly in the different parts of the year.

Because of the heavy rains during the winter and flowing into the lake rivers the the water rises up for few months every year.

And just to the contrary – in the summer the weather dry up the water and its level falls significantly.

As already mentioned, about 17-18 kilometers from the lake you will see the Cape Ras al-Abiad – this is the northern-most part of Tunisia and the African continent. North of here is only Europe.

overcrowded beach in tunisia– The ruins of Carthage are very impressive and you should not miss them. They are one of the most important historical monuments in the Mediterranean.

The remains of this great city were located close to the coast of the Mediterranean in the capital Tunis. Columns, amphitheatres, thick stone walls – all will return you millennium back.

Besides the ruins of this ancient heritage that you can reveal here, you can enjoy also to the wonderful views of the city.

yasmine hammamet beach– Salt Lake Chott el Jerid is one of the most impressive places in Tunisia. It is located in the central parts of the country.

In some places the water has strange pink colour, and on the places where the water was  evaporated, on the yellow sand remain only white salt marks.

The feeling here is as you’re caught in the middle of the Death Valley in California. In every sights are visible only yellow and burnt by the sun land.

Only on the horizon appear more significant relief forms. Here and there an abandoned boat, which is simply dried in the middle of the sand. This is the largest salt lake in North Africa.

the tunisian architecture– Sidi Toui National Park is a place that may affect very emotional for some people. This is one of the places in the world, where as a result of the human activity and farming were turned into desert.

The local vegetation was almost completely destroyed. After declaring the site for a national park, the local nature begins to recover surprisingly quickly.

The place is emblematic because it is one of many similar areas in the world, where human activity has led to destruction.

traditional market street in tunisia– The highest point in Tunisia is Mount Djebel Shambhala. Situated near the border with Algeria.

Its high is 1544 meters and is among the few places in this country, which are covered with thick snow cover during the winter months.

The vegetation of the area is coniferous, but it is not very dense. The location is good for lovers of climbing, but you have to know that this area remains quite isolated from the main tourist areas in the country.

– Colosseum in El Jem is impressive. It strikingly resembles to the Coliseum in Rome. This structure is very well preserved today, millennium after its construction, it still astounds with its beauty and grace.

This location is easily accessible. It is located about a half hour drive from Monastir and Hammamet and therefore there are usually many tourists.

tunisian architecture– It is required to take time off to walk along some of the local markets. The most colourful market in the capital of Tunisia is perhaps the market in Medina.

Here you will find clothing, spices, carpets, aromatic oils and what not in one place. In this market you can most strongly feel the Arab atmosphere.

Everything is streaky and everyone is trying to attract your attention. The attitude of people here is so personal, that often incommode to the visitors, who come from the northern European countries and are not used to coming in so close contact with the shopkeepers when go shopping. Here you will can feel as today the market has opened for you.

During your stay in Tunisia will surely make you a strong impression the similarity between the architecture here and in Greece.

Interestingly, the similarity between the white-washed houses with flat roofs and blue windows is amazing. For a moment you can consider that you are in Greece.

This is no accident – Tunisia is well absorbed from the culture of many European countries, including Spain, Greece, France and Italy. This contributes to local cultural richness and diversity.

Jews also have their community here. Tunisia does not know any problems between Arabs and Jews, who live in the country.

Tunisia is certainly not the most sophisticated and expensive tourist destinations in the world, but if you’re open to new experiences, this country can give you a really great number of natural beauties and cultural wealth.