Canada is a country with a harsh climate.
The majority of the population lives in the southern parts, near the border with the United States, because the climate here is temperate and much more favorable for living.
Here are the most prosperous Canadian cities.
Only two cities in Canada, however, may compete for the title of “the warmest Canadian city”.
Both have average annual daily temperature of approximately 14.08°C.
1. Windsor, Ontario
Windsor is one of the southern-most Canadian cities.
It is located at 42°18”north latitude, within the province of Ontario.
It is situated between the Lakes St. Clair and Erie, just to the opposite bank of the U.S. city of Detroit.
Here, the daily temperatures are negative in January, but in December and February are about 1 – 2 degrees.
With the spring approaching, warm air masses begin quickly to invade from the south and the temperatures increasing significantly in a very short time.
The spring begins with a daily temperature of 6 degrees in March and ends with the Mediterranean 25 in June!
The summers are very hot.
The average daily temperature in July is 28°C, but sometimes can reach even 40°C.
Indeed, the local summers can be quite sweltering and the warm and even hot days can stay until the end of September.
The autumn comes just as fast as the spring.
This season began with 23-24°C in September and ends with 2°C in December.
The reason for the rapid and large temperature changes between the seasons and the large amplitudes are because of the flat relief in the areas around Windsor.
In the north of the city there is no mountains to stop the invading of the polar air masses, coming from the Hudson bay.
The same goes for the relief of the south.
The relief is flat down to the Gulf of Mexico and this facilitates the invading of warm air masses from the tropics during the summer months.
2. Victoria, British Columbia
Another place that also has an annual mean daily temperature of 14.08°C is the city of Victoria on Vancouver Island.
The island is located in the southernmost parts of the province of British Columbia, on the border with the United States.
The city of Victoria is located at 48°26”north latitude and gets into the borders of the temperate climate zone.
Here, however, there are two factors that strongly influence the local climate.
The first is that in the north and northeast the city is protected from the high Olympic Mountains, which do not allow to the cold air masses to reach here.
The second reason is that the influence of the Pacific Ocean is great.
Around the coasts of Alaska and Canada passes over relatively warm ocean stream and therefore the climate here is quite mild throughout the year.
The conditions remind to those of southern England, but here the climate is slightly warmer.
For example, during the two coldest months of the year – December and January – the daily temperature is around 7°C.
Because of the influence of the Pacific, the temperature variation is insignificant.
The hottest month is August – about 22 degrees.
This means that the difference between the coldest and the warmest month is 15 degrees.
It rains a lot and all year around.
The rainfall is abundant.
Snow falls rarely, but given that the climate is very humid, when it happen to become enough cool and the rain turn to snow, can accumulate very thick snow cover in a very short time and this may create difficulties with the city traffic of Victoria.
Fortunately, the temperatures here rarely fall below zero, but to get a realistic picture about how mild is the local climate, is enough just to say that here very well grow the kiwi plant, which is not big fan of the cold and loves places with warm climate such as China, New Zealand, South Africa or the Mediterranean.