One of the most beautiful river valleys in the world is that of the majestic African Nile River. It crosses the entire territory of Egypt in a south – north direction, from the Sudanese border to the Mediterranean coast. The Nile River Valley is a real oasis in the middle of the wilderness. Against the backdrop of the surrounding Sahara Desert and its endless sandy expanse stand out the green shores of the river, sunk in coolness and pleasant shade. Dense coastal forests of date palms contrast to golden sand dunes, and annual floods provide the needed moisture for the survival of this unique ecosystem.
The Nile Valley, especially its delta in the North of Egypt, ensures livelihoods for the entire population of the African country.
Not surprisingly, the majority of local residents live in this part of the country where farming conditions are very good.
Here are some of the most famous cities of Egypt, including the capital Cairo, the popular historic center of Luxor, the town of Giza known for its Pyramids, the city of Aswan famous for its huge dam and the pearl of the Mediterranean – Alexandria.
The Nile Valley has a dry and hot tropical climate with slight softening influence of the river and constantly sunny and cloudless weather. The average daytime temperature is extremely high all year round.
Like any other desert, nights here can be very cold with temperatures below 10°C. The average daytime temperature in different parts of the valley varies a lot.
For example, in the area of Cairo, in the North of Egypt, it is between 19 and 35°C and in the area of Aswan, in the South of the country, is between 23 and 41°C.
The average humidity is quite low, and the chances of precipitation are insignificant, especially during the summer months.
The Nile Valley is a romantic vacation spot, and the best way to get to know this place and to see its out-of-this-world beauties is to spend a few days on a cruise ship.
Following its own long way, the river on the territory of Egypt passes through hundreds of kilometres of green farmlands, and the shores are dotted with numerous small towns carrying the spirit of the Orient.
Feluccas, traditional local boats with white bulging sails, glide swiftly and gracefully over the mirrored river surface of Nile. Suddenly some yellow sandy cliff appears, forcing the otherwise mighty river to make a turn.
It is not uncommon to encounter some small and covered with green foliage island that resembles a desert oasis amidst the water.
The civilization of Ancient Egypt emerged about 3150 years BC. Its rise and fall left deep traces in the human history.
For this reason, in addition to its exceptional natural beauty, the Nile Valley is known for its numerous historic monuments, which attract millions of visitors each year.
Cradle of one of the oldest civilizations known to mankind, the Nile Valley is a place to find some of the most amazing landmarks in the world.
Among the most popular, of course, are the unique Egyptian pyramids and the imposing statue of The Great Sphinx of Giza.
Many of the major attractions in the valley are located in the vicinity of Luxor and the nearby historic village of Karnak.
Among them are the Temple of Amun-Ra, the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens (both are part of the Theban Necropolis), and many others.