Montenegro is a small, but very beautiful country. In the recent years it begun to increase its popularity as a tourist destination, because of its beautiful beaches and very well preserved nature. The biggest part of the mountainous country is covered with thick forests. The wildlife, which in its beauty very reminiscent to the Alps, in combination with the Mediterranean climate and crystal clear waters of the Adriatic Sea, Montenegro promise a bright future into the tourism industry.
Geography. Montenegro is a Mediterranean country, located in the southern part of the mainland Europe. It is located on the west coast of the Balkan Peninsula.
The country bordered to the Adriatic Sea. Montenegro is located between 41 and 43° north latitude and between 18 and 20° east longitude. The country has a rhombus form.
To the northwest it bordered with Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, to the northeast bordered with Serbia, to the east with Kosovo, with Albania to the southeast and to the southwest, of course, the Adriatic Sea.
Climate. Montenegro falls within the subtropical climate zone. It has a typical Mediterranean climate with long and warm summers and short, mild winters.
The mountain areas are quite cool with mountain climate. The mountains in the winter are covered by heavy snow, while in the lower parts of the country, especially around the coast, the precipitation is only from rain.
The coldest month in Montenegro is January with daily temperatures around 12°C. The hottest month is August – 28°C. The combination of mountains and sea rescue the country from the summer heat, typical for the Mediterranean countries.
Otherwise the summer is too long. The summer season lasts from May to October. In this part of the year, the air temperature during the day are over 22°C, and the water is around and over 20°C.
In the late October the weather begins to get cold and from November to March the daily temperatures are relatively constant in the range 12 – 15°C. April is a typical spring month.
The temperatures are mostly between 15 and 20°C. The weather is changeable.
Nature and landscape. The nature of Montenegro is very beautiful and untouched. The nature is preserved within the borders of four national parks – Biogradska gora, Lake Skadar, Durmitor and Lovcen.
The coastline is indented with many small coves and peninsulas. The biggest and most interesting from a tourist point of view is the Tivat bay, which by its shapes and curves as well as the look of the surrounding mountains reminded to a fjord.
The country can boast with beautiful beaches – some of them sandy, and other – stony. The Adriatic waters are very clear and transparent.
The banks are usually steep and covered with dense vegetation. Most of Montenegro is occupied by the Southern Dinaric Alps.
The highest point is Mount Durmitor, 2522 meters high. It is located in the north, not far from the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In the winter the high mountains of Montenegro as a magnet attract the rain clouds and the humid air masses, coming from west bear great precipitations over the country.
In the mountains the precipitation is mainly of snow. The mountain areas are very picturesque. Between the mountains are nestled deep valleys and canyons, covered with thick forests.
Through the valleys pass dozens of mountain rivers that flow into the Adriatic Sea. One of the most amazing spots is the National Park “Biogradskata gora”, located in the eastern parts of the country.
The largest lake in the country is Skadar. It is located on the border with Albania. The place is an attractive tourist site and is also easily accessible as it is situated on the outskirts of the capital Podgorica and near the coast.
Economy. Montenegro has a growing economy. The country is rich in minerals, but its development is focused on tourism.
The small population and high interest of tourists to Montenegro could in a short time to ensure a quick increase in the quality of life.
The biggest capital of the small Mediterranean country is its magnificent scenery and warm climate. Besides tourism, Montenegro develops also agriculture.
Here grow citrus crops, olives, fruit plants, grapes and others. Most suitable for agriculture are the lower parts of the country to the west.
The largest economic center of Montenegro is Podgorica. Although the country is not yet a member of the European Union, the Euro is the official currency.
Population and settlements. Montenegro has a small population. Across the country live about 650 000 inhabitants. About 150,000 of them are in the capital Podgorica.
There are not many big cities, but the bulk of the population is scattered in small villages and towns throughout the country.
The tourists enjoy mostly to the beautiful coastal towns of Kotor, Zelenika, Tivat, Risan, Budva, Petrovac, Bar and Ulcinj, which accept the bulk of visitors in the country.
The official language of the local population is Montenegrin. In point of view of the religion, the local population is diverse. It consists of Orthodox Christians, Catholics and Muslims.
The best time for tourism in Montenegro is during the summer season from May to October. Best time is in June and September, when the daily temperature is around 26°C.
July and August are hot. For the summer wear thin and airy clothes, but if you have decided to go on trips around the mountains do not forget some warmer clothes, since there even in summer can get cool.
For the winter semester is better to wear as warm winter clothing, but also and something lighter, because sometimes the winter may surprise you with very soft and pleasant weather.